Asked Questions About the Society of Saint Pius X
TEXTS AS GUIDING PRINCIPLES IN TODAY'S CRISIS
The Catholic Church is divine.
in order that we may perform satisfactorily the duty of embracing
the true faith and of continuously persevering in it, God, through
His only‑begotten Son, has instituted the Church and provided
it with clear signs of His institution, so that it can be recognized
by all as the guardian and teacher of the revealed word (Vatican
I, Dz 1793).
The Catholic Church is the unique ark of salvation.
Catholic Church firmly believes, professes, and proclaims that those
not living within Her, not only pagans, but also Jews, heretics,
and schismatics, cannot become participants in eternal life but
will depart "into everlasting fire which was prepared for the
devil and his angels" (Mt. 25:41), unless before the end of
life the same have been added to the flock ...(Council of Florence,
The Catholic Church is visible and indefectible.
what the Chief of pastors and the Great Pastor of sheep, the Lord
Jesus, established in the blessed Apostle Peter for the perpetual
salvation and perennial good of the Church, this by the same Author
must endure always in the Church which was founded upon a rock and
will endure firm until the end of the ages (Vatican I, Dz 1824
[cf, Dz 1793 above]).
one Church of Christ is visible to all and will remain, according
to the Will of its Author, exactly the same as He instituted it
(Pius XI, Mortalium Animos, §15).
The Church is founded upon Peter and his successors forever.
anyone then says that it is not from the institution of Christ the
Lord Himself or by divine right that the blessed Peter has perpetual
successors in the primacy over the universal Church ...let him be
anyone thus speaks, that the Roman Pontiff has only the office of
inspection or direction but not the full and supreme power of jurisdiction
over the universal Church, not only in things which pertain to faith
and morals, but also in those which pertain to the discipline and
government of the Church spread over the whole world...let him be
anathema (Vatican I, Dz 1825, 1831).
it is opposed to the truth and in evident contradiction with the
divine constitution of the Church to hold that, while each bishop
is individually bound to obey the authority of the Roman Pontiffs,
taken collectively the bishops are not so bound (Leo XIII, Satis
The Pope has power only "unto edification and not unto destruction"
(II Cor 13:10) of Christ's Church.
the Holy Spirit was not promised to the successors of Peter that
by His revelation they might disclose new doctrine, but that by
His help they might guard sacredly the revelation transmitted through
the apostles and the deposit of faith, and might faithfully set
it forth (Vatican I, Dz 1836).
for these sacraments instituted by Christ the Lord, in the course
of the ages the Church has not and could not substitute other sacraments,
since, as the Council of Trent teaches, the seven sacraments of
the New Law have all been instituted by Jesus Christ our Lord and
the Church has no power over the "substance of the sacraments,"
that is, over those things which, with the sources of divine revelation
as witnesses, Christ the Lord Himself decreed to be preserved in
a sacramental sign... (Pius XII, Sacramentum Ordinis, Dz 2301).
is well known unto all men ...with what great care and pastoral
vigilance our predecessors the Roman Pontiffs have discharged the
office entrusted by Christ Our Lord to them in the person of the
most blessed Peter, Prince of the Apostles, have unremittingly discharged
the duty of feeding the lambs and the sheep, and have diligently
nourished the Lord's entire flock with the words of faith, imbued
it with salutary doctrine, and guarded it from poisoned pastures.
And those our predecessors, who were the assertors and champions
of the august Catholic religion, of truth and justice, being as
they were chiefly solicitous for the salvation of souls, held nothing
to be of so great importance as the duty of exposing and condemning,
in their most wise Letters and Constitutions, all heresies and errors
which are hostile to moral honesty and to the eternal salvation
of mankind... (Pius IX, Quanta Cura §l).
Church teaching cannot change.
constituting the object of Catholic faith, was not completed with
the apostles (Condemned by St. Pius X, Lamentabili, Dz 2021).
by divine and Catholic faith, all those things must be believed
which are contained in the written word of God and in Tradition,
and which are proposed by the Church, either in a solemn pronouncement
or in her ordinary and universal teaching power, to be believed
as divinely revealed...
also, that understanding of its sacred dogmas must be perpetually
retained, which Holy Mother Church has once declared; and there
must never be recession from that meaning under the specious name
of a deeper understanding ...definitions of the Roman Pontiff from
himself, but not from the consensus of the Church, are unalterable
(Vatican I, Dz 1792; 1800; 1839).
Protestants and other non-Catholics don't have the Faith.
it is manifest that he who adheres to the teaching of the Church,
as to an infallible rule, assents to whatever the Church teaches;
otherwise, if, of the things taught by the Church, he holds what
he chooses to hold, and rejects what he chooses to reject, he no
longer adheres to the teaching of the Church as to an infallible
rule, but to his own will ....Therefore it is clear that such a
heretic with regard to one article has no faith in the other articles,
but only a kind of opinion in accordance with his own will (St.
Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica, II II, Q.5, A.3).
Human law is ordained to divine law.
the liberty of those who are in authority does not consist in the
power to lay unreasonable and capricious commands upon their subjects
...but the binding force of human laws is in this, that they are
to be regarded as applications of the eternal law, and incapable
of sanctioning anything which is not contained in the eternal law,
as in the principle of all law (Leo XIII, Libertas §10).
Bad laws are no laws.
then, by any one in authority, something be sanctioned out of conformity
with the principles of right reason, and consequently hurtful to
the commonwealth, such an enactment can have no binding force of
law, as being no rule of justice, but certain to lead men away from
that good which is the very end of civil society ....But where the
power to command is wanting, or where a law is enacted contrary
to reason, or to the eternal law, or to some ordinance of God, obedience
is unlawful, lest, while obeying man, we become disobedient to God
(Leo XIII, Libertas §§10,13).
In certain circumstances ecclesiastical laws do not oblige.
DOUBTFUL"When there is a doubt of law, laws do
not bind even if they be nullifying and disqualifying ones..."
(1917 Code of Canon Law, canon 15; 1983 Code of Canon
Law, canon 14).
RETROACTIVE"A law comes into existence when it
is promulgated." (1917 Code of Canon Law, canon 8, §1
[cf., canon 17 §2]; 1983 Code of Canon Law, canon 7, [cf.,
canon 16, §2]).
THEY CANNOT BE OBSERVED (physically or morally)"No
positive law obliges where there is grave inconvenience" is
a principle of moral theology (cf., 1917 Code of Canon Law, canon
2205, §2; 1983 Code of Canon Law, canon 1323, 40).
There certainly is such a grave inconvenience when observance would
be detrimental to souls, for "the salvation of souls must always
be the supreme law of the Church" (1983 Code of Canon Law,
The Mass is not essentially a meal.
anyone says that in the Mass a true and real sacrifice is not offered
to God, or that the act of offering is nothing else than Christ
being given to us to eat, let him be anathema (Council of Trent,
The Mass is the re‑enactment of Calvary (and not just a narrative
of the Last Supper, which was itself but a pre-enactment of Calvary).
therefore, our God and Lord, though He was about to offer Himself
once to God the Father upon the altar of the Cross... nevertheless,
that His sacerdotal office might not come to an end with His death,
at the Last Supper, on the night He was betrayed, so that He might
leave to His beloved spouse the Church a visible sacrifice (as the
nature of man demands), whereby that bloody sacrifice once to be
completed on the Cross might be represented, and the memory of it
remain even to the end of the world ...offered to God the Father
His own body and blood under the species of bread and wine.... (Council
of Trent, Dz 950).
The Mass is not a community gathering.
anyone says that Masses in which the priest alone communicates sacramentally,
are illicit and are therefore to be abrogated, let him be anathema
(Council of Trent, Dz 955, cf., Principle 14).
The prayers of the Mass are not directed to the people but to God.
anyone says that the rite of the Roman Church, according to which
a part of the canon and the words of consecration are pronounced
in a low tone, is to be condemned..., let him be anathema (Council
of Trent, Dz 956).
Holy Communion under both species is not necessary for the laity.
anyone denies that the whole Christ is contained in the venerable
sacrament of the Eucharist under each species and under every part
of each species, when the separation has been made, let him be anathema
(Council of Trent, Dz 885).
anyone says that the holy Catholic Church has not been influenced
by just causes and reasons to give communion under the form of bread
only to laymen and even to clerics when not consecrating, or that
she has erred in this, let him be anathema (Council of Trent, Dz
The Blessed Sacrament is Our Lord and must be worshipped.
anyone says that in the holy sacrament of the Eucharist the only‑begotten
Son of God is not to be adored even outwardly with the worship of
latria...let him be anathema (Council of Trent, Dz 888).
The Blessed Sacrament contains the whole Christ under the species
of bread and wine.
anyone denies that in the sacrament of the most holy Eucharist there
are truly, really, and substantially contained the body and blood
together with the soul and divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ, and
therefore the whole Christ, but shall say that He is in it as by
a sign or figure, or force, let him be anathema (Council of Trent,
The Catholic priesthood is of divine origin.
anyone says that by these words: "Do this for a commemoration
of me," (Lk. 22:19; ICor. 11:24), Christ did not make the Apostles
priests, or did not ordain that they and other priests might offer
His own body and blood: let him be anathema (Council of Trent, Dz
The traditional Latin Mass is still in force in virtue of Quo Primum:
these present (ordinances) and by virtue of Our Apostolic Authority,
We give and grant in perpetuity that for the singing or reading
of Mass in any church whatsoever this Missal may be followed absolutely,
without any scruple of conscience or fear of incurring any penalty,
judgment or censure, and may be freely and lawfully used ....We
likewise order and declare that no one whosoever shall be forced
or coerced into altering this Missal; and that this present Constitution
can never be revoked or modified, but shall forever remain valid
and have the force of law... (St. Pius V, Quo Primum).
- AS IMMEMORIAL
it makes express mention of centenary or immemorial customs, a
law does not revoke them..."(1917 Code of Canon Law, canon
30; 1983 Code of Canon Law, canon 28).
- AND BECAUSE
THE NOVUS ORDO MISSAE IS NOT TO BE REGARDED
AS AN OPTION OPEN TO FAITHFUL CATHOLICS:
1. The accompanying
Critical Study is the work of a select group of bishops, theologians,
liturgists and pastors of souls. Despite its brevity, the study
shows quite clearly that the Novus Ordo Missae‑considering
the new elements susceptible to widely different interpretations
which are implied or taken for granted represents, both as a whole
and in its details, a striking departure from the Catholic theology
of the Mass as it was formulated in Session 22of the Council of
Trent. The "canons" of the rite definitively fixed at
that time erected an insurmountable barrier against any heresy which
might attack the integrity of the Mystery (Cardinals Ottaviani and
Bacci, Short Critical Study of the New Order of Mass, p.27.)
a liturgical tradition which for four centuries stood as a sign
and pledge of unity in worship, and to replace it with another liturgy
which, due to the countless liberties it implicitly authorizes,
cannot but be a sign of division―a liturgy which teems with
insinuations or manifest errors against the integrity of the Catholic
Faith―is, we feel bound in conscience to proclaim, an incalculable
error (Cardinals Ottaviani and Bacci, Short Critical Study of
the New Order of Mass, p.55.).
traditional Latin Mass is a custom at least 1500 years old.
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